Republic of Turkey

     Turkey, a country that occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe. Throughout its history, it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents.

Turkey is situated at the crossroads of the Balkans, Caucasus, Middle East, and the eastern Mediterranean. It is among the larger countries of the region in terms of territory and population, and it’s the land area is greater than that of any European state.

Nearly all of the country is in Asia, comprising the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor—also known as Anatolia (Anadolu)—and, in the east, part of a mountainous region sometimes known as the Armenian Highland. The remainder—Turkish Thrace (Trakya)—lies in the extreme southeastern part of Europe, a tiny remnant of an empire that once extended over much of the Balkans.

The country has a north-south extent that ranges from about 300 to 400 miles (480 to 640 km), and it stretches about 1,000 miles from west to east. Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and on the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria. The capital is Ankara, and its largest city and seaport is Istanbul.

Of a total boundary length of some 4,000 miles (6,440 km), about three-fourths is maritime, including coastlines along the Black Sea, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean, as well as the narrows that link the Black and Aegean seas. These narrows—which include the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles—are known collectively as the Turkish straits; Turkey’s control of the straits, the only outlet from the Black Sea, has been a major factor in its relations with other states. Most of the islands along the Aegean coast are Greek; only the islands of Gökçeada and Bozcaada remain in Turkish hands. The maritime boundary with Greece has been a source of dispute between the two countries on numerous occasions since World War II. Read More…

Ataturk (Father of the Turks)

     Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was born in Thessaloniki, Greece in 1881. He finished the military school in Manastir city which is in Macedonia today and joined the Ottoman army. His story begin afterwards and made him an internationally known leader .

He served as a lieutenant in the Ottoman army and was a colonel already during the worst battle of the WWI; Gallipoli. His experience and skills in war is seen at the moves of the regiments at his order during the Gallipoli campaign and with the courageous Turkish soldiers, he was victorious and changed the flow of the history. However, Ottomans fell along with the Germans in the WWI and Ataturk was supposed to disarm the Eastern Army of the Ottomans. He resigned from the Ottoman army and started a national resistance supported by his earlier brothers-in-arms.

The resistance against the invaders started from the East of the country and Ataturk converted Ankara in the middle of Anatolia to his headquarters. The independence war of the Republic of Turkey finished in 1923 and is considered the establishment of our county. Ataturk became the first president of the new republic and during his career, he made 36 revolutions in different fields to create this modern, western, secular and developing country. After serving many years to his country and people, he passed away in 1938 in Dolmabahce palace in Istanbul and now resting in peace in the Mausoleum in Ankara.

The death of Ataturk, who saved Turkey during the war and revived the Turkish nation, is not only a loss for his country, but it is also a great loss for Europe. The sincere tears that people from all classes have shed, are nothing more than the true reflection of this great man – the Father of the modern Turkey.

“Peace at Home, Peace in the World”

 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Founder of Turkish Republic)